Medicine · Microbiology · Pharmacology

Urinary Tract Infections: Pattern of Antibiotic Susceptibility

ABSTRACT

A urinary tract infection is an infection can occur anyplace along the urinary tract and caused by bacteria such as
E.coli. It is the most common infectious diseases; nearly 10% of people will experience a urinary tract infection during their lifetime. It had been estimated that about six million patients visit outpatient departments and about 300,000 are treated in the wards every year worldwide. Around, 10% of human population gets urinary tract infections at some stage during their lives. It is more common in females as compared to males. Ineffectively treated urinary tract infections may lead to significant morbidity and even mortality. The choice of treatment for complicated urinary tract infections is antibiotics. In all cases of urinary tract infections, empirical antimicrobial treatment starts before the laboratory results of urine culture are available; consequently antibiotic resistance may increase in uropathogens due to frequent use of antibiotics. It was necessary to have knowledge of distribution of uropathogens and their susceptibility to antibiotics. The present review concluded that urinary tract infections are caused by E.coli, mainly encountered in the age group of 22-49 years and higher rate was observed in females. Higher susceptibility to imipenam, cefotaxim and ciprofloxacin.

 

Authors: Lomati Venkata Pavan Kumar Reddy*, Languluri Reddenna1, Lomati Snadya, Lomati
Vidya

 

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